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China: Flood: 1998/08 Country Information on DRR

Period 1998/08
Country or District China
Event Type Flood
Outline Flood occured in southeast area of China at the beginning of the March.In addition to the Yangtze flood,floods occured in noutheast area of Nenjiang and Songhuajiang.Refugees increase,and problems of food's shortcoming and desease are worried. Concern about floods is supposed to continue for the present,and restoration will be prolonged.
Human Impact Physical Impact Others
team to collect materials was send to damaged area(World Vision 98.8.10)
In Jiangxi Province,more than 8 million people were damaged,and the number of the dead were more than 441,lost people were 143.the injured were 662.
Dangers of infectious illness(CNN news 98.9.3)
44,000 schools were damaged,and the amount of damage were USD 90 million.About 7 million students were affected. Shortage of drinking water made sanitary condition
of refuges worse.
In Heilongjiang Province cases of infectious disease,typhoid and dysentery etc.,increased by 52%.
the flood hits northern China (Reuters 98.8.12)
China's floods have spread to northern China killing 14 people and leaving 20 missing and more than 17,300 stranded.
About 760,000 people had been affected by floods in Inner Mongolia.
The United States has donated $250,000 plus tents and other relief goods. Hong Kong tycoon Li Ka-shing has donated $6.4 million.

In Northeast China flood happened(Reuters 98.8.11)
It seemed that more than 10 people had been dead in Heilongjiang Province. Industrial output growth in China slid to a year-on-year 7.6 percent in July from 7.9 percent in June and 8.0 percent in May by the flood.
China has blamed the flooding for paring 0.4 percentage point off of first half economic growth.
The President of China urges rebuilding as floods recede
The flooding slashed summer grain output by 11 percent from last year's harvest.
Tibet and Russia were hit by floods occured in Asia and the Pacific area(BBC 98.8.31).
More than 50 people have been dead in Tibet.
80,000 people suffered from floods in Tibet.
240 million Chinese affected by Yangtze flooding(CNN 98.8.24)
In the backward eastern province of Anhui, 822,000 people had been evacuated from flooded areas.
In central Hunan province, where 1 million peasants were driven from their homes, half were living in tents, 200,000 in schools and government buildings, and the rest with relatives.
280,000 people took refuge in northern Jilin province and 8.5 million people in Heilongjiang province were affected by floods.
Harbin calm as crest reaches city (South China Morning Post 98.8.21)
400,000 soldiers and civilians worked to reinforce dykes along the banks of the Songhua in Harbin city.
China floods surge toward record levels(CNN 98.8.19)
In Jilin province, floods have forced nearly a million people to abandon their homes in Baicheng city. Economic losses have reached at least $24.1 billion all over China.
Death toll in Asia floods passes 2,500(CNN 98.8.13)
In the northeastern Chinese region of Inner Mongolia, 113,600 people were stranded by floods.
The floods have caused outbreaks of disease, with more than 600 people suffering dysentery, typhoid, cholera, skin rashes and eye diseases.
Floods have destroyed 410,000 people's homes. Officials estimate direct economic losses from the flooding could reach as high as $24 billion, shaving one half of a percent off the economic growth rate for 1998.
blast upper embankment to protect Wuhan, a city of 7 million people(CNN98.8.10)
50,000 people took refuge In Jianli County, about 90 miles upriver from Wuhan in central China's Hubei province,in order to blast embankment.
Blasting embankment will lower the Yangtze by four to 10 inches.;equal to 0.8 billion cubic meter.
Drastic Measure to save Yichang (South China Morning Post 98.8.7)
The number of the sufferers are 240,000,000, and refugees 13,800,000 all over China. The number of collapsed houses are 5,580,000,and
damaged houses 12,050,000.
Damaged agriculutural area are 21,530,000ha,and damaged harvest area 4,780,000ha.;this date in all over China.
China floodng death toll tops 2,000(CNN 98.8.6)
More than 2,000 people have died in China's long season of summer flooding.;This season's death toll is the highest since 1991.
landslides and mudflows have affected some 240 million people.
5,580,000 houses collapsed all over China; 12,050,000 houses were damaged.
21,280,000ha agricultural lands were flooded.4,720,000ha crops were damaged.
China Floods Situation Report (OCHA Report No.9 98.9.19))
Based on investigation by the United Nations Disaster Assessment and Coordination (UNDAC) Team,they will appeal for following asistance.
・temporary refuge and houses including buildong materials
・assistance for medicines and health care
・water hygiene
・assistance for foods
・agricurutural restoration
・building clinic,school and other institutions
China floods situation report(OCHA report No.8 98.9.3)
223 million people were affected by the floods and 3,004 killed, 15.85 million people were evacuated and resettled. 4.97 million housing units were destroyed and 21.2 million ha of crops were affected, of which, 1,306,700 ha lost all harvest. The disaster caused a direct economic loss of USD 20 billion.
200,000-300,000 tents are needed urgently.
The contributions reported to OCHA are as follows
China Floods Situation Report (The International Red Cross.98.10.1)
2.9 million people are still living on dikes.
15.85 million people have been evacuated and resettled. 14 million people left homeless.
6.19 million people have been affected by flooding, of which some 375,000 are homeless in Inner Mongolia.
2 months are needed by the end of Yangtze flooding.
More than 23 million head of livestock perished in the disaster. The Ministry of Agriculture is speeding up efforts to prevent an outbreak of epidemics from destroying animal.
In inner Mongolia,tents and foods are indispensable to people because of dropping of temperature.
Shanghai calls end to flood emergency(CNN 98.9.14)
The decision to call off the emergency was made after water levels along the Yangtze River had fallen significantly.

China Receives Foreign Donation for Flood-Ravaged Areas(China Daily 98.8.31)
The government of the United States has donated 207,000 yuan and a great number of tents, mattress, woolen blankets and kettles from the government of the United States.
The government of Japan has donated 5.81 million yuan and a large supply of tents, generators, and water-purifying equipment.
The ministry also received 415,000 yuan in donations from the government of the Repubic of Korea.
people must take care about floods still(China Daily 98.8.27)
223,000,000 people had suffered from floods all over China. 21,000,000ha had been flooded in 29 Province.
4,970,000 houses had collapsed in 29 Province.
Economical loss are 20 billion USD all over China.
Province damaged heavily are JIangxi,Hunan and Hubei and Heilongjiang and Innner Mongolia.
More than 2 months have passed from the beginning of restoration works, and 8 million people and 74,000 soldiers are occupied in that.
Presedent of China orders massive flood mobilization(CNN 98.8.26)
3,004 people have been dead,and 1,320 of the deaths nationwide took place along the Yangtze.
The President of China urges fight to death against floods(Reuters 98.8.26)
Lingering flood waters have threatened to chill more than 500,000 people left without shelter in northeastern Heilongjiang province. In Heilongjiang,the number of destroyed houses are 750,000 ,economic damage is $2.4 billion, besides more than one third of Heilongjiang's crops is affected.
In Hubei,economic damage is $4.6 billion,and 2.54 million hectares of crops submerged.

China Floods (OCHA 98.8.21)
Along the Nenjiang river would force the relocation of more than 100,000 residents.
In Anhui and Jiangxi provinces,more than 30 million people have been affected by surging floods along the Yangtze
In Hunan, 930,000 people evacuated to escape the floods.
The overall damage is estimated at USD 24 billion In Daqing, rising waters have flooded some 2,500 of the 20,000 wells of the oil field.
Chinese city of Harbin braced for the arrival of a new flood crest. (Reuters 98.8.21)
400 residents were evacuated to dry areas in the southern part of the city.
Some 380,000 People's Liberation Army troops were rushed to Harbin to join the defence of the city.
Floods creep closer to China
In the northeast's Inner Mongolia, flooding had killed 81 people. In the northeast's Inner Mongolia, flooding had destroyed a quarter of a million homes In neighbouring Liaoning province, flooding had forced the Liaohe oilfield to cut output by up to 3,502 tonnes a day.
floods hit Chinese city and southeast oil field(CNN 98.8.12)
28,000 people took refuge in Harbin. 6,000 houses in Harbin
Floods threaten China
Flooding at Daqing closed 527 oil wells at 17. Daqing has 25,000 wells that produced 17.9 billion gallons of oil last year, about a third of the nation's total.
China dike breach kills 78, state media say(Reuters 98.8.14 )
78 have died in eastern Jiujiang. 28,600 have been injured or made ill.
3.46 million people affected by floods in the city
China Yangtze swells anew, northeast scrambles by the flood(Reuters 98.8.13)
The Yangtze's fifth flood peak of the year had passed Yichang city, site of the gargantuan Three Gorges Dam project, with the river's flow hitting a year-high peak of 62,800 cubic metres a second.

Major Chinese city threatened with worst flood in half-century
At Daqing, which produced about half of China's oil last year, 355 of the oil field's 20,000 wells were waterlogged.
More flooding wreaks havoc in northeast
・About 760,000 people had been affected by floods in Inner Mongolia.
・Flood waters from the Hulin river in Inner Mongolia have stranded 15,000 since Monday.
Diseases threaten Chinese flood victims
The flooding has affected some 7 million Chinese schoolchildren. An estimated 44,000 schools are underwater.

Related Links


OCHA Situation Report No.1 Jun.9
Summer flooding in China occurred earlier this year and is more widespread than usual.Since 20 May 1998, parts of Northwestern China have also been hit by floods.

CNN 1998/9/3
The capacity to keep waters at the Yangtze valley decreases to 50% by deforestation and soil encroachment.This caused the present Disaster.

CNN 98.8.18
The nation's northwestern regional commander doubled the number of troops fighting the floods by sending 10,000 more soldiers to the area.

South China Morning Post Aug.7

Reuters 98.8.12
A Chinese scientist blamed the weather phenomenon known as La Nina for contributing to this summer's floods, and predicted it would lead to an increase in typhoons affecting flood-relief efforts.

OCHA Situation Report No.5 Jul.30
Since 17 July, heavy rain has fallen in most areas of Hubei, the northern part of Jiangxi and Lishui area in Hunan. The average rainfall amounted to 100 mm.On 20 July, heavy rainfall caused the water level of the Lishui river to rise greatly, causing flooding in some cities.

CNN News Aug.13
At least 2,576 have already died and millions have been made homeless as heavy rains continue to batter the three countries, causing billions of dollars in economic damage.

CNN News Sep.2
As floodwaters recede in northeast China and along the Yangtze river, health officials are warning of potentially more deadly threats: typhoid and dysentery. The Red Cross appealed for millions of dollars for food, medicine and clean water for flood victims.

CNN News Aug.24
Water levels upstream on the Yangtze River rose Sunday to their highest of the year, threatening more flooding downstream where soggy dikes have begun to crack. Excessive logging of hillsides is partly to blame for the worst floods on the Yangtze in 44 years.

Reuters 98.8.11
A major Chinese industrial city escaped damage from a surge in waters barrelling along the middle reaches of the Yangtze River, but officials on Tuesday warned of a new flood crest over the next few days.

Reuters 1998/8/14
At the Changjiang valley 335,000 people took refuge for fear of embankment's collapse. New Flood maybe happen in 5 days.

The International Red Cross News 1 Oct. 1998
Although water levels have now dropped below the danger line along the Yangtze River, local authorities in the southern, flood-affected provinces of Hubei, Jiangxi and Hunan have stated that they do not expect flood waters to recede completely for another two months.

CNN News Aug.12
Looting of houses and public buildings abandoned during the floods waters must also be closely guarded against.

Oxfam 98.8.11
Chinese department of civil administration establishes hot line to inquire about flood's situation.They accept contributions within the country and overseas.

CNN 98.8.18

Reuters 1998/8/14
The rise of a river has concerned people at Huanghe,Hanshui and Huaihc.

OCHA Situation Report No.4 Jul.15
The Japanese Government pledged USD 700,000 in addition to water purifiers and emergency health kits.

OCHA 1998/8/21
Donations pouring in from within China and overseas for the victims of the worst flooding in 44 years have reached USD 193 million.

Reuters 98.8.26
The flood season might continue into December if typhoons came late this year, and would last until late October under "normal" weather conditions.

World Vision 98.8.10

CNN 1998/8/13
The President of China Jiang Tse-Ming inspected Hubei Province and encouraged soldiers on the alert and people.

In Hunan Province,Hubei Province and Jiangxi Province, materials to repair broken embankment are in short supply.

Oxfam 98.8.11
Jiangxi Province needs more cooperation for restoration activity than temporary and urgent assistance overseas.

CNN News Aug.7
The decision about whether to break open some dikes along the Yangtze river to protect key waterlogged levees could come as soon as Friday.

Reuters 98.8.21
Raging torrents carrying mud, logs and debris have already severed Harbin's train link with the nearby oil city of Daqing and inundated sections of a major highway, now closed to all but heavy military vehicles.

OCHA Situation Report No.7 Aug.21

CNN 98.8.26
178,000 soldiers and police guarded flood-weakened dikes Wednesday while the Yangtze River surged toward key industrial centers and rich farmland.

Reuters 1998/8/12
Flying corps of Beijing's army transports foods, medicine and rubber boat to Inner Mongolia.

Reuters 1998/8/26
According to typhoon influence,floods maybe continue to December.

Reuters 98.8.19
Floodwaters lapped around China's northeast city of Harbin on Wednesday after breaching two dikes, and tens of thousands of troops and civilians were reinforcing barricades to prevent a disaster.

OCHA Situation Report No.8 Sep.3
The Government departments concerned dispatched to the disaster areas more than 100 working teams since the beginning of the flood season, and allocated USD 366 million. The Army, military police, public security troops and militia played an important role in rescue.

South China Morning Post 98.8.10
Chinese Prime Minister inspected submerged area,and ordered to regional governments and force.

China Daily : 98.8.31

South China Morning Post Aug.21

CNN 1998/8/24
In Inner Mongolia,delay of next school term's start influences 70,000 students,

Reuters 98.8.14
Repair work on the breach was finished earlier this week, but the Jiujiang city's west side remained underwater.

Report on the front line of flood in the Province of Kohoku

OCHA 1998/8/21
Chinese Government paid USD 229 million,and local Government paid USD 87 million.

CNN News Aug.9
Levees upriver were blown up Sunday along a stretch of the swollen Yangtze River in an effort to divert floodwaters before they reached the provincial capital of Wuhan.

South China Morning Post 1998/8/20

OCHA Situation Report No.9 Sep.19
The UNDAC Team has completed its field assessments in the flood-affected provinces in the South (Hunan, Hubei and Jiangxi) and in the Northeast (Heilongjiang and Jilin).

OCHA Situation Report No.6 Aug.7
In addition to the massive relief efforts, organized by the local, provincial and national authorities, the Chinese Government has reportedly provided more than USD 229 million worth of relief funds and large quantities of relief materials to the flood-affected areas.

CNN News Aug.15
President toured the Yangtze earlier this week and urged the nation to rally together in the fight against the floods. He warned that after more than six weeks of flooding, the disaster was reaching a "crucial stage."

Reuters 1998/8/26
The authorities are cautious about embezzlement of contributions and relief goods.

Reuters 1998/8/31
Hunan Province is cautious about infectious illness and requires support of medicines.

OCHA Situation Report No.3 Jul.3
The Ministry of Civil Affairs allocated approximately USD 12.1 million and delivered 2,200 tents to the disaster areas, as well as assessment and relief teams.

CNN News Aug.6
Landslides and mudflows are responsible for more than 90 percent of the deaths between June and August 3.

CNN 1998/8/24
Flooded regions were short of medicines, and stomach illnesses, dysentery, hepatitis and diseases carried by waterborne parasites were on the rise, Health Minister Zhang Wenkang warned. Zhang said the health problems could get worse in the next three months

Reuters 1998/8/13
Because of disorder,Chinese Government tightened the control.

CNN News Aug.8
Flood workers in Hubei province said Saturday they may be forced to blow up dikes in a desperate bid to spare cities downstream of the massive Yangtze River from flooding.

CNN News 98.9.14
The nation's worst flooding in decades killed more than 3,000 people this summer and affected some 240 million.

CNN News Aug.19
The floodwaters had not yet reached the industrial city, but a new surge was expected to roll down the river Friday and raise the Songhua river's depth to a record.

OCHA Situation Report No.2 Jun.22
The Ministry of Civil Affairs sent a team to the affected area to assess the disaster situation and assist the local government to cope with the disaster.

China Daily : reports on flood

Oxfam 98.8.11
Extension of refuge makes problems about foods of some million people and a temporary dwelling for winter season.

Oxfam 98.8.11
At the upper Changjiang in Sichuan Province,there are in danger of new flooding.

CNN news 1998/8/19
In Heilongjiang Province's winter season it is long and cold,so when summer season ends shortage of foods and desease will worry people.

Reuters 1998/8/31
Needed goods at stricken areas are clothes, bedding and construction materials. The air temperature in southeast area of China is about 10 degrees C.

Reuters 1998/9/7
"We must shift the focus of our work organising and helping flood victims resume production and rebuild homes," The President of China said.

OCHA Situation Report No.7 98.8.21
The flood situation in both the northeastern region along the Songhua river and the southern area along the Yangtze river continues to be very serious.

Reuters 1998/8/13
In Heilongjiang Province,flooding of Songhuajiang maybe make millions of people damaged.

OCHA Situation Report No.8 1998/9/3
There is an urgent need for padded/insulated tents until new houses are built for the homeless. A tent for this purpose costs approximately USD 400. The Ministry estimates that 200,000 to 300,000 tents would be required.

CNN News Aug.10
Some flood victims have been sheltering in lean-tos for more than six weeks, raising concerns about the spread of contagious diseases.

Reuters 98.8.13
Floods in northeastern China are threatening millions of people in the country's industrial heartland.

OCHA 1998/8/21
UNICEF contributes USD 50.000,and the Red Cross receives contributions USD about 1.8 million from Australia,Canada,Germany,England,Denmark,Iceland, Norway,U.S.A.,Sweden,Spain. As additional plan,Japanese Government decides to provide goods equivalent to USD 350.000 and contribute USD 500,000.

China Daily : 98.8.27

Reuters 98.8.11
Fooding occured in Nenjiang of Heilongjiang Province.Qiquihar city required international assistance for foods and clothing.

Oxfam 98.8.11
Many schoolhouses were flowed out,so students seem to be compelled session outside for the present.

CNN 1998/8/19
The authorities intent to punish for speculative cornering.

CNN 1998/8/18
More than 300,000 soldiers and people are on the alert at .Songhuajiang

Reuters 1998/8/12
Chinese scientists analyze that Ra Nina Phenomenon increases heavy rain.

BBC 1998/8/31
The United Nations sent experts for support examination to China.

CNN news 1998/8/19
All over the China more than 2 million members of the armed forces are occupied in a rescue operation.

Relief Web

Geographycal Data

Relief Web Map Center

[ERI Emergency Relief Information]

Association for Contributions to Damage from Flood at the Yangtze
request for contributions to damage from the Yangtze Flood

Chinese Government-the Ministry of welfare ; acceptance about disaster contributions
Bank of China, Acct. No. 71402180

CNN news 13 Sep. 1998
Chinese Government encourages enterprise's supports to damaged area.

Japanese Economic post 21 Sep. 1998
Chinese Government appeals to within the country and overseas to contribute for damaged cultural assets.Agency in Japan is incorporated foundation to protect cultural assets .(BUNKAZAI HOGO SINNKOU ZAIDAN in Japanese,telephon number 03-3862-1400)

The International Red Cross News
The Japanese Red Cross accepts overseas contributions .

OCHA :acceptance of disaster contributions
OCHA account No.CO_590.160.1, Swift code: SBC0CHGG12A at UBS AG, P.O. Box 2770, CH-1211 Geneva 2, with reference: OCHA-China-Floods

Japanese Urgent Rescue Team In Chinese Flood
the receiver's address about relief goods and contributions

China Daily : links from Report on Flood
receiver's address about contributions