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Bangladesh: Flood: 1998/07 Country Information on DRR

Period 1998/07
Country or District Bangladesh
Event Type Flood
Outline The damage caused by this year's unusually prolonged floods is very extensive. Currently the number of districts affected stands at 52 (out of a total of 64). The number of people affected by the floods is estimated at over 30 million, with 783 deaths reported due to drowning, snake bites and diseases.An estimated two-thirds of the country are under water.(18 SEPTEMBER 1998)
Human Impact Physical Impact Others
Bangladesh floods hit main cash crop, jute.(CNN news 4 Sep.1998)
This year the export of jute may fall by 20 percent,and total damage are estimated to be USD 10.64 million.
do one
・The number of the dead is more than 730.
・25 million peoples were damaged.
・More than 350,000 peoples took refuge in about 900 temporary shelters.
The number of damaged houses are 430,000.
11,000km roads and 5000 bridge and watercourse were flowed out.
The number of the dead includes 40 people who have been killed by snakes and 116 people by diarrhea.
Friendly nations and international facilities intend to send foods and relief goods.

Bangladesh requires support of damage by destructive flood(CNN news 21 Aug.1998)
・More than 355 people have been dead.More than 50 people have been killed diarrhea by dirty water and rotten foods.Other's death was due to drowning or landslide and collapsed houses or scar by snake.

It seems that more than 500 people have been dead.
18 million people are damaged seriousiy.
The crops equivalent to 425,000 ha were damaged.
197,000 houses were destroyed or partially destroyed.
6642 domestic animals were damaged.
6346km roads,2932km embankment and 2500 bridges or watercourse were damaged.

OCHA Situation Report No.4 Aug14 1998
・the dead;more than 300

17 million persons are influenced by disaster.
Epidemic influenced by water is extended.
Paddy fields are damaged badly.
CNN news ; one child is ill-fed per 5 children in Bangladesh
・950 people are supposed to have been killed,and 70 people have been closed into iced river.
・22% of children are ill-fed,and shortage of now and next month food is urgent subject to prevent the situation from getting worse.
As the flood reduce,people who took refuge starts going home.
More than 500 peoples have been killed by damage from a flood in Bangladesh.
The number of the dead is 513.
25 million peoples lost their house or are left behind in isolated house.
The damage from flood extend to 75% of country.
In the number of the dead,about 90 peoples who drank polluted water or eat rotten foods are included.
General Situation of Bangladesh - Floods
Persons affected: 30.6 million
Total dead: 783
Shelters: 2,661
Sheltered people: 1 million
Districts Affected: 52
Crops damaged: 1,497,500 (acres)
Houses damaged: 894,015
Roads damaged: 15,900 (km)
Embankment damaged: 4,451 (km)
General Situation of Bangladesh - Floods
Total deaths: 584
Shelters: 898
Sheltered people: 350,724
Persons affected: 23,458,713
Districts affected: 51 out of 64
Crops damaged: 668,929 (acres)
Houses damaged: 432,076
Roads damaged: 11,237 (km)
Embankment damaged: 4,257 (km)
General Situation of Bangladesh - Floods
353,000 houses have reportedly been destroyed, and 1.2 million damaged.
The floods have also caused widespread damage to agriculture, spread over an area of 800,000 hectares of crops, and infrastructure, with 9,160 km of roads damaged, over 6,500 bridges and culverts washed away and 1,800 schools being affected.
Bangladesh - Floods
Standing crops on 760,000 ha of land were inundated, out of which over 388,000 ha had already been damaged.
Bangladesh - Floods
The death toll from floods devastating central Bangladesh has risen to 253, and more than 17 million people are affected.

Related Links


CNN news 18 Aug. 1998
Speaking of recent deadly flood,more than 5000 people had been killed in 1998.

OCHA Situation Report No.7 Sep.1
The Ministry of Finance issued a detailed list of requirements indicating that cash contributions of USD 573 million are sought for immediate relief (USD 112 million) and for rehabilitation (USD 461 million).

OCHA Situation Report No.8 Sep.9
The flood situation is turning from bad to worse and that it is officially regarded as the most serious flood.

OCHA Situation Report No.6 Aug.26
At a meeting convened today by the Minister of Finance, the Government of Bangladesh formally launched an appeal for assistance from the international community for emergency relief to the flood victims and for post-flood rehabilitation.

OCHA Situation Report No.4 Aug.14
A meeting was held in Dhaka on 11 August with UN agencies and governmental organizations.These organizations predicted that the rainfall in the next few days is likely to increase, due to the impact of La Nina phenomenon.

OCHA Situation Report No.3 Aug.3
With the water levels receding, it was feared that there was likely to be an increase in the incidence of water borne diseases in the affected areas.

Government of Bangladesh, Foreign Ministry Flood 98 Site

CNN news 7 Sep 1998
Capital Dacca is isolated because of cancellation of a sailing bound for north area and highway closing to south area.

OCHA Situation Report No.1 Jul.17
The flood situation continues to worsen with ten rivers, in the four major river basins, flowing above their respective danger levels. The Government has not called for any international assistance as the impact is as yet undetermined.

Economic life has slowed down, adding to problems of unemployment and declining incomes.

CNN News Sep.22
As the flood reduce,people who took refuge starts going home.

OCHA Situation Report No.5 Aug.19
It was estimated that 58% of the land area was currently under water.

CNN news 21 Aug. 1998
The flood doesn't show signs of stopping,and more rains maybe make the situation bad.

OCHA Situation Report No.9 Sep.18
No significant rainfall was registered at any point in Bangladesh in the 24 hrs ending at 9.00 a.m.

OCHA Situation Report No.2 Jul.22
The forecast of 20 July predicts that flooding is likely to worsen in the three basins of Brahmaputra, Meghna and Ganges, which are in the central region of the country.

CNN news 18 Aug. 1998
In some place,dry ground to bury dead man don't exist.

CNN News Sep.14
Bangladesh floods hit main cash crop, jute.

Relief Web

CNN news 21 Aug. 1998
The flood maybe continue to middle of September with ups and downs repeating.

CNN News Sep.1 1998
More than 500 people have been killed by the flood in Bangladesh.

Geographycal Data


[ERI Emergency Relief Information]

OCHA Situation Report No.3 Aug13
On 30 July, the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies issued an emergency appeal for CHF 2.74 million (USD 1.8 million) to assist 500,000 beneficiaries with food and medical services for three months.

OCHA Situation Report No.5 Aug.19
OCHA has allocated an OCHA Emergency Cash Grant of USD 50,000 to be used for the purchase of plastic sheets for emergency shelters.

OCHA Situation Report No.5 Aug.19
Germany supported USD 276271 through Germany the Red Cross.

OCHA Situation Report No.5 19 Aug. 1998
The International Federation of Red Cross (IFRC) released USD 135,135 from its Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF) to support the Bangladesh Red Crescent Society's relief operation.

OCHA Situation Report No.5 19 Aug.1998
The Government of Bangladesh will consider making a formal international appeal as soon as an assessment of the damage is complete. The Minister for Finance asked those donor countries present in the meeting to provide assistance in the following categories: Food aid ,Medical supplies and water purification tablets,Plastic sheets,Corrugated iron sheets,Baby food, such as milk powder.

OCHA Sitution Report No.5 19 Aug. 1998
The Government would have to provide relief support for up to four weeks for the flood victims. Preliminary assessment by the Ministry indicated that USD 3.25 million in cash and 50,000 MT of food were immediately needed for relief operations. Post-disaster rehabilitation of housing would require USD 10.8 million, and an additional 250,000 MT of grain for Food for Work Programmes for other rehabilitation works. For the most vulnerable section of the population, food support of some 100,000 MT of grains would be required for a longer period of time.

OCHA Situation Report NO.5 19 Aug.1998
OCHA is prepared to serve as channel for cash contributions for immediate relief assistance. Funds channelled through OCHA will be spent in coordination with the relevant organizations of the UN system and OCHA will provide written confirmation of their use. Funds should be transferred to OCHA account No. CO-590.160.1, Swift code: SBCOCHGG12A at the United Bank of Switzerland (UBS), P.O. Box 2770, CH-1211 Geneva 2, with reference: OCHA - Bangladesh-Floods.

CNN news 21 Aug. 1998
U.S.International develop Institution provided 150,000 ton of rice and U.K.Government promised support of USD 250,000.

OCHA Situation Report No.5 Aug.19
The Ministry of Food estimates that in assuming a moderate damage to the Aman crop, 925,000 MT of imported food grains would be required. If the damage is greater, 1.1 million MT of food grains may be needed.

CNN news 21 Aug. 1998
Government constructed 462 refuges against flood;125985 people can be received,and allotted budget of 29 million Bangladishtaka and 47750 ton of rice to the suffers.And they allotted budget of 8120 Bangladishtaka for agricultural reconstruction.

OCHA Situation Report No.5 19 Aug.1998
WHO delivered 5,000,000 water purification tablets to the Ministry of Health and is providing 25,000 ringer lactate solution bags.

CNN news 13 Sep. 1998
Bangladesh Red Crescent Societies needs more USD 5 million,so the sum total of contributions will be USD 6,980,000.

international urgent support ; first report of JICA urgent support action on 27 Aug. 1998

international urgent support ; second report of JICA urgent support action on 2 Sep. 1998